It seems that fundamentalism is based on the literal interpretation of these texts. How should we approach the Bible, the Koran or the Torah to prevent that from happening? You have to read my new book, about the Scriptures of all religions, and not just the main monotheistic ones. Up to modern times, most People could not read, so December 2018 Calendar Excel the Scriptures were sung, chanted or acted. It was not about going to the original text, but trying to deal with current issues. If it was not achieved, it was useless. Now, in Islam, there are people who read the scriptures in a very innovative way.
December 2018 Calendar Excel
Confucianism also says that its scriptures speak of the sacred side of nature, relevant at this time when we are facing serious problems with climate change. From what I understand, the Koran is a book revealed directly by Allah to Muhammad. It is the word of God. However, it is assumed that the Bible was written by men,
like the Evangelists. Does this difference make interpreting the Qur’an, and not taking it literally, more difficult than interpreting the Bible? Yes and no. In Christianity, Jesus represents the word of God, converted into man and book. But that was not understood in the past as literally as now, in the scientific world. Before, as it was the word of God, it was infinite, and could not be linked to a single interpretation. Muslim exegesis is also extremely creative.
What is now done in universities is to return to the original text. In the case of Islam, Muslims perceive that they are constantly attacked, and that their Scriptures are criticized and despised. That makes them defensive. All the fundamentalist movements that I have studied, in the three great monotheistic religions,
are born because some believers have felt insulted by the liberal communities, and by the secular society. There are many people who do not know the Scriptures. The Koran must be heard. Koran means to recite. Pretending to read it from the first to the last page is like reading the libretto of an opera. The Scriptures, especially the Koran, are sound.
And music causes all kinds of sensations in the brain. When it is sung, the Qur’an makes people feel amazed, appeased or saddened by the effect of the music that comes to them. So, according to you, can you say that the Qur’an is a poetic text, and that therefore its meaning is not literal? Yes. But all the Scriptures are poetry, also the Bible.
The problem is that now, in this scientific society, we want to be literal, and we read the Scriptures as if they were History. When we read a novel Jane Austen’s, it does not bother us to know that Mr. Darcy has never existed. The same thing happens with the Bible and with the stories about Jesus: they are not History, because before the eighteenth December 2018 Calendar Excel century nobody wrote it. But I believe that both the Bible and the Koran can provide historical information about the societies that existed at the time of their redacción.