It improves the sector but very slowly», says José María Ezquiaga, dean of the Architects’ Association of Madrid. «In the final years of the crisis, when the new work was paralyzed in the periphery and on the land, the reforms of the premises and apartments took force. And in recent years it has been extended to the rehabilitation and complete renovation of buildings, due to changes in use, for example, adapting buildings to hotels, offices or shops. Work has also been done on luxury housing, “he adds. Rehabilitation is the option for the real estate sector to enjoy good health and an adequate balance, in order not to fall into the excesses that were committed in the past. It is also very necessary considering that our country has a very old real estate park. 55% of homes are more than 40 years old. Of these, 38% were built between 1956 and 1979. May 2019 Calendar USA was the great real estate boom in Madrid, says the dean of the architects. “With the great emigration to the city,” he adds, “it was built very quickly with huge economies, large blocks and housing towers, which now need reforms and rehabilitation.”
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Another 17% of homes were built in the first half of the 20th century, according to the report “Your building in form” (made by Mutua de Propietarios and the Official Association of Quantity Surveyors, Technical Architects and Building Engineers of the Region of Murcia). The document analyzes the state of the 25.2 million existing homes in Spain. “It is estimated that there are about two million homes in poor condition. Barcelona is one of the cities with the oldest and oldest park for sale and rental, followed by Pamplona, San Sebastián, Bilbao and Madrid », says the head of Anerr.
Such an obsolete park is a business opportunity for rehabilitators. Added to this situation is another phenomenon: the sector is living a new paradigm, rehabilitation has gone from being a necessary issue for the safety of a building to «becoming an opportunity to save costs through energy efficiency. Currently it is conceived as an opportunity to improve comfort and energy savings in a home, “says Alonso de Armas. That is the future. Rehabilitation has a challenge ahead: Europe wants to establish a sustainable, competitive and May 2019 Calendar USA energy system by 2050. Bearing in mind that the European real estate park is responsible for 36% of the Union’s CO2 emissions and 40% of its consumption of total energy, the efforts are aimed at achieving buildings that are increasingly more sustainable and more energy efficient in our cities. A challenge in which rehabilitation and reform plays the leading role.